TAI CHI CHUAN TECHNICAL PROGRAM
A. The form of 37 Yang-style Movements
The Great Master Zheng Man Qing (Ch’eng Man-ching)
applied the form of 37 yang tai chi chuan-style movements.
B. Hands that push Tui-Shou – C. Great Da-Lu Enrollment
The essential principles of TAI-CHI-CHUAN – TUI-SHOU (pushing hands) are really the principles of the Chinese Martial Arts.
This principles are quite complex and it can take one a whole life to understand them. The original name of TAI-CHI-CHUAN was “The long fist of the 13 Positions”: the 13 positions refer to the 8 hand movements and to the 5 orientations (feet positions).
|The Eight Hand Movements are:
||The Five Orientations are:
1.- PENG(To reject)
2.- LU (To enroll)
3.- JI (To put presure)
4.- AN (To push)
5.- CAI (To grab)
6.- LEI (To break or control the elbow)
7.- ZHOU (Elbow)
8.- KAO (Shoulder)
3.- Look to the left
4.- Look to the right
The first four hands are used mainly as two pairs of hands that push. The last four are used mainly in DA LU (The Great winding).
In order for the students to improve their TAI-CHI it is very important that they understand the implications of these eight movements in the form (particularly PENG, LU, JI and AN) because the essence of TAI-CHI-CHUAN may be found in these eight movements.
Practicing the “pushing hands” helps students to physically understand these forms.
PENG and LU are defensive movements that always have a counterattacking purpose. The idea of PENG and LU is not to use strength but to cling to the aggressor and restrict his strength.
JI and AN are attacking movements and on guard stances. When we attack, we must always be in balance and ready to retreat. Making our body stronger, more malleable and empty (or absorbing, neutralizing and nullifying) the strength of our enemy by restricting it and giving it back to him is the essence of PENG, LU, JI and AN.
CAI and LEI defend us against powerful attacks. They are used to grab the wrist and control the elbow. We use CAI and LEI to start an attack when the opponent is strong in PENG . The keys are swiftness and surprise.
ZHOU. The elbow is used when the opponent penetrates the second door of the defense. The strength of a spinning body and loosening the elbow, which can be mortal, are not openly expressed in DALUI.
KAO. Attacking with the trunk and elbows, an extension of JI with the shoulders and elbow, must be done in a standing position to be effective.
|“THE CONCEPT OF THE THREE DEFENSE DOORS ”
1) First door. from hand to elbow
2) Second door, from elbow to shoulder
3) Third door, shoulder and body
D. Weapons – The Yang-stile sword
The Yang-style sword